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SR1

The Italian built M Class semi-rigid was unique, she was the only
semi-rigid airship owned by the Admiralty.

 

In 1914 there had been a proposal to buy three Forianini airships from Italy but the outbreak of war prevented such an acquisition. Several British airships were sold to Italy during the war and it was a possibly to redress the balance that in 1918 the British Government surprisingly decided to buy a Semi Rigid of the Italian M Class.The ship was designated as S.R 1.


She was larger than any British non rigid being some 270 ft in length. The envelope was supported at it's base by a horizontal framework of triangular cross-section girders of tubular steel. A single car contained three engines carried a crew of 9.

 

Statistics
Length 270 ft
Diameter 59ft
Speed 51 mph
Engines

1x 180hp SPA
(later removed)
2x180hp Italia

Volume 441,000 cft

The British Government, a British crew went down to Rome to fly her to the UK. The SR1 left Rome in the early hours of 28th October 1918. It was agreed that a ship of this size would not be expected to fly non stop back, so a series of stopovers was planned:
A close up of the nose batons on the SR1
Depart
 
Arrive
  Comments
28th October 1918
Rome
Aubagne (via Corsica, South Coast of France)
28th October 1918
Hanger to small to fit ship so moored in open
29th October 1918
Aubagne
Bron (nr Lyon)
29th October 1918
Refueled moored to the back of a truck
30th October 1918
Bron
Sr Cyr (nr Paris)
30th October 1918
10 hour struggle with weather. Hanger to small to house ship.
31st October 1918
St Cyr
Kingsnorth Airship Station (UK)
31st October 1918
 
Total Time
40 hours 35 minutes
This was the first flight of any aircraft between Italy and Britain either way.

It was not an easy flight, the crew were too busy to sleep as they had to battle strong headwinds and rain for much of the trip. The ship had mechanical failures, a fractured oil line which spewed hot engine oil throughout the control car. The crew worked frantically to repair this damage but it turned the control car floor in to a slippery platform resembling a skating rink. Comical though it may sound, in an undulating control car in the air the crew had to take great precautions to avoid anybody falling overboard. To further the discomfort on the flight, at one point the exhaust manifold fell off amidships engine above the control car, burnt through on to the petrol tanks below. The red-hot manifold lay in close proximity to hundreds of gallons of high-octane aviation fuel and beneath almost half a million cubic feet of equally inflammable hydrogen. Captain Williams and Petty Officer Leach leapt up a ladder and pushed the burning mass overboard, at the same time brushing out glowing sparks with their hands.

Added to the fact that on two attempts to house the ship in France, the arrangements had not been put in to place as it was found at landing at the pre arranged stop-overed that the ship was too large for the French hangers which were provided. The ship had to be housed outside on both occasions. However, the ship managed to cross the Channel and landed at Kingsnorth Airship base in Kent, on 31st October 1918. It was the first time an aircraft had ever flown from Italy to the United Kingdom.

On 6th November the was flown to Pulham Airship station where the unreliable SPA engine was removed. The crew were very aware of the shortcommings of the power units, and had difficulty in keeping all three units operations on this filght. With only 5 days left of the war the SR1 was never used operationally with the exception of watching U Boats surrender at Harwich.

She flew over London on 2nd July 1919 as publicity for the war loan and to take part in a peace procession with the R33. Whilst over London, the SR1 suffered a malfunction which deprived the ship of all power. The crew were well versed in the erratic behavior of the ship, and carried out urgent repairs whilst floating motionless above the cheering crowds. Then suddenly the SR 1 was caught up in turbulance and shot upwards in to the clouds and to where the R33 flew. By good fortune control was suddenly restored and an accident averted. Power was restored and the ship returned to Pulham after the 10 hour flight.

A similar flight over South Wales followed on the 6th and 7th July. A final demonstration flight was given in August for the benefit of visiting regiments from India.

It was agreed by September 1919 that the SR1 was to be deleted due to her being inferior to contemporary British airships. The ship was housed and dismantled

The Control Gondola of the SR1

 

         
         

 

Related ships: North Sea Class

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